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Can You Prevent Age-related Macular Degeneration?

Senior woman wearing sunglasses

Though there’s no cure for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), there are things you can do to help prevent it. This eye disease eventually causes the central portion of the retina to deteriorate. Consequently, it can lead to permanent vision loss. AMD usually affects people who are 60 and older. As the name implies, the disease gets progressively worse over time. Here are a few ways you can prevent or slow the progression of AMD.

  • Eat healthy food. Studies have linked the consumption of dark leafy vegetables, like kale and spinach, to a decreased risk of developing AMD. Also, eating more fish, fruits and nuts can help prevent and delay the progression of AMD.

  • Take a multivitamin. Your body needs certain vitamins and minerals to keep your eyes healthy. Supplements containing vitamins C, E, beta-carotene, zinc, copper, lutein and zeaxanthin may reduce the progression of AMD.

  • Don’t smoke. Smokers have a much higher risk of developing AMD. If you smoke, talk to your doctor about getting the help you need to quit.

  • Be more active. An active lifestyle reduces the risk of developing AMD. Health Canada recommends that adults engage in at least 2.5 hours of moderate to vigorous aerobic activity each week.

  • Monitor your blood pressure. High blood pressure and cholesterol levels have been linked to advanced AMD. Controlling these factors can help reduce your risk of getting this eye disease.

  • Wear sunglasses. AMD has been associated with prolonged and cumulative exposure to harmful UV rays and blue light. Wearing sunglasses is one thing you can do to protect yourself. Look for glasses that block 100 per cent of the sun’s UV rays. Also, consider investing in specialty lenses that protect your eyes from blue light and can be worn whenever you’re outside or sitting in front of a computer screen, phone or TV. Visit the Optometrists’ Clinic Inc. to purchase digital lenses.

  • Get regular eye exams. Early detection and treatment can have a significant impact on the course of AMD and other eye diseases. Optometrists have the technology to detect vision problems and eye diseases early. It’s important to have regular, comprehensive eye exams.

Eye Exams in Edmonton and the Surrounding Area The professional team of optometrists, opticians and eye doctors at Optometrists’ Clinic Inc. have the education and experience to confidently meet your eye care needs. The professionals on our team can diagnose and treat many eye conditions, including macular degeneration, glaucoma, cataracts, infections, allergies and diabetes. We have five convenient locations across Edmonton, Westlock and Leduc. Contact us today to schedule an appointment.


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